...Read this article in full
A Special is an unlicensed medicine prescribed to meet the individual clinical need of a patient when a suitable licensed medicine is not available. ‘Specials’ account for approximately 1% of all prescriptions in the UK, but account for more than 75,000 different formulations.
Most Specials are produced by a small number of pharmaceutical companies who dedicate their resource and expertise to this very specialist area of medicines manufacture. In the UK, these companies are represented by the APSM – Association of Pharmaceutical Specials Manufacturers.